How Interest Works on a Credit Card Cash Advance

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When people are in need of cash, they don’t always stop to think through the best means for acquiring it. Generally, the cash is to pay for something they need or something they want. Often, however, they can get that something by buying it with their credit card, even if they can’t pay for it outright, and will have to pay off the balance on the card in installments. So which method of acquisition is better for you? Should you pay with borrowed cash or on credit?

Key Takeaways

  • Credit card companies treat cash advances differently than regular credit card purchases.
  • Credit card companies charge fees on cash advances.
  • Using a credit card for cash comes with a higher interest rate than using a card for purchases.
  • It is recommended that consumers take the time to read the terms of a cash advance before taking one out.

What Is a Cash Advance Using a Credit Card?

A cash advance is a way of obtaining immediate funds through your credit card. It is not unlike a payday loan, only the funds are being advanced not against your paycheck but against your card’s line of credit. In one sense, a cash advance acts like any other purchase being made through your credit card, but instead of buying goods or services, you are “buying” cash.

What many people don’t understand about cash advances is that your credit card handles them differently from the way it handles credit. It is not the same thing as using your card for products or services.

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Among other things, the interest rate may be higher and there may be a transaction fee. On the other hand, a cash advance may make sense compared to other ways of getting a quick loan.

How to Get a Cash Advance from a Credit Card

Cardholders obtain a cash advance by visiting an ATM, bank, or other financial institution, or by requesting a check from the credit card company. In fact, some card issuers periodically send checks in the mail as a way to entice consumers into getting a cash advance from their cards.

If the card company invites you to take a cash advance, what could be wrong? You probably already know the overall answer to that question. But the devil is in the details, and you need to fully understand what you’re getting into before you exercise your cash advance option. 

Credit Card Cash Advances vs. Regular Purchases

Credit card companies like cash advances in part because they treat the interest on them differently than interest on card purchases. There are different terms for credit card purchases versus cash advances. For one, the interest rate is often higher on a cash advance by several percentage points,

Also, any special interest-rate promotions on the card—such as no interest until a certain date—may not be applicable on cash advances, meaning you could get dinged unexpectedly.

There is no grace period on cash advances until interest is charged, unlike with regular purchases.

Besides charging a higher-than-normal interest rate, credit card companies also automatically charge a transaction fee on the advanced sum. What’s more, cash advances do not typically qualify for rewards, cash-back programs, or any other credit card benefits. Your cash advance line is almost always considered to be separate from the rest of your credit balance.

You can learn the details for your particular card from its website or the documents you were given when you signed on—if it’s a special offer, that’s the part you should check.

How Your Payments Are Applied

Thanks to the Credit Card Act of 2009, credit card payments are made to higher-interest purchases first. This was a major change to how credit card companies can apply payments (previously companies could apply payments to lower-interest purchases).

For example, say you have a $5,000 balance on a card with a special annual percentage rate (APR) of 10% that you plan to take 15 months to pay off, and while you are doing so you take out a $500 cash advance that generates 22.5% in interest.

If you only make the required minimum monthly payment it will be applied to the $500 balance until it is paid off. Meanwhile, you will still be charged that 10% on the $5,000 cash advance until the $500 balance is paid off.

Better to Simply Use the Credit Card Itself

Instead of taking a cash advance, try to use the credit card itself for anything that you can. If there is something that has to be paid for and you absolutely cannot use a credit card to do so, take as small a cash advance as possible to reduce interest charges, and be sure to pay off your balance as quickly as you can.

The Bottom Line

Like balance transfers, cash advances can be a good resource in certain circumstances. However, it is important for consumers to understand the terms of the agreement, including interest rates and one-time fees, before proceeding with these transactions. Your high-interest cash advance loan could stick around for a very long time if you do not manage it appropriately.

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